He aha ʻo Norovirus a pehea e pale ʻia ai ma nā moku holo moana?

salud

I kekahi manawa heluhelu mākou i ka nūhou e hoʻi ana kēia moku holoholo paha i ke awa no ka norovirus, he mau haneli mau ohua e hoʻopilikia ʻia e ia. Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike he aha ka nā ʻōuli o kēia maʻi, i kapa ʻia hoʻi ka maʻi ʻōpū, a ʻo kēlā ke kumu o ka gastroenteritis i loko o ka ʻōpū a me nā ʻōpū, kikoʻī mākou iā lākou ma lalo.

ʻO Norovirus ka maʻi i hoʻokumu i ka maʻi maʻi ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a pili pū ʻia me nā moku holoholo no ka mea ua ʻike ʻia kēia mau ʻōpala a hōʻike wikiwiki ʻia ma mua o nā mea i kū ma ka ʻāina, ʻoi aku ka kikowaena a me ka hoʻokokoke ʻana, eia nō naʻe ma nā wahi āpau. Ke noho nei i nā wahi paʻa, e like me ka moku, hoʻonui i ka pilina ma waena o kekahi kanaka a me kekahi, a ke kumu o kona maʻi lele loa.

He aha ka norovirus?

ʻAʻole mākou makemake e kiʻi i ka ʻenehana, ʻaʻole ia kā mākou hana, akā e haʻi mākou i kekahi mau ʻano a me nā ʻike o norovirus. E pili a ʻano o ka ʻākena infectious Norwalk-type (a i ʻole "virus Norwalk-like") ʻaʻole lākou he bacteria.

Keikikāne nā mea hoʻomaʻi liʻiliʻi ana 27 a 32 nanometers, me RNA kūkulu, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia me calicivirus. Ma luna aʻe hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi kiʻi "nani" o kēia maʻi. A i kēia manawa wehewehe mākou i ke ʻano o kāna mau hōʻailona.

ʻO ka hoihoi, mālama nā keiki i ka luaʻi ma mua o nā mākua a makemake ka wela i ka pālahalaha o ka mea hoʻomaʻi e hoʻonui ai i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi lele. ʻO kekahi hoihoi, ʻaneʻane 90% o ka heluna Sepania i loaʻa i nā mea ʻenemi kūʻē iā norovirus, i hiki ke hāʻawi iā ʻoe i ka manaʻo pehea ka pinepine o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēia pathogen.

ʻO nā moku holoholo e hoʻopili nui ʻia e kēia virus ʻo ia nā mea e kū ana i ka Caribbean, a inā ʻaʻole mākou e maʻi e pili ana i kekahi mau antigens e hoʻoholo i ka hui koko, no laila ʻaʻole nā ​​kānaka āpau i ka susceptibility i ka maʻi.

salud
ʻAtikala pili:
ʻO ke olakino ma kahi holo moana holoʻokoʻa

Nā ʻōuli Norovirus

ʻO nā ʻōuli maʻamau o ka poʻe i loaʻa i kēia maʻi ka luaʻi, diarrhea wai, nausea, fiva, ʻehaʻeha, a me nā puʻupuʻu a ʻeha nui paha i ka ʻōpū. Nā ʻōuli ʻo 1 a 3 mau lā, a hoʻomaka lākou e puka ma hope o 12 a 48 mau hola ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka agena hoʻohaumia.

ʻAʻole ia e koi i ka lāʻau lapaʻau. lawa me kaʻai a me ka hydration, akā hiki iā ia ke hōʻino i ka wā hoʻomaha o kekahi. Eia hou, inā kū ka maʻi lele ma ka moku holo moana, ʻaʻole pili iki ka poʻe, a hana hou ke kaʻina o nā maʻi iā ia iho, no laila ke hoʻoholo nei ka hapa nui o nā ʻoihana e hoʻi i ke awa inā ʻike lākou i ka ikaika ikaika.

Pono nā pēpē a me nā ʻelemakule i ka nānā nui aʻe mai ka hoʻomaka o nā ʻōuli.

Pehea e hoʻopuka ai ka maʻi lele?

ʻO ka mea a nā kauka e haʻi mai nei iā mākou ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo norovirus i nā feces o nā holoholona i loaʻa a me nā kānaka, no laila ke kumu o kona ʻano ka ʻai ʻana i ka meaʻai a i ʻole ka inu ʻana i ka wai haumia, a i ʻole pili pilina me nā poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi.

ʻO ka hoʻopā ʻana i ka waha, ihu a i ʻole nā ​​maka me nā lima ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻana me nā mea a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana i hoʻohaumia ʻia me ka maʻi. No laila e hōʻalo i ka hoʻoluliluli ʻana i nā lima o ka poʻe inā maʻi ʻoe a i ʻole inā he ʻōhū paha ma ka moku.

Mai ka hōʻailona mua, e hoʻomaopopo i ke kauka, e loaʻa iā ia ka ʻike āpau, e hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā ʻoe a ʻo ia ke kanaka ʻoi loa e ʻoki i nā lono i hoʻolaha ʻia i kekahi manawa ma o nā moku.

ʻO Prevención

A i kēia manawa ʻo ka mea nui, pehea e pale aku ai i ka maʻi norovirus. He mea nui loa ia kuke maikaʻi i ka iʻa iʻa, holoi lima pinepine a ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lua a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā diapē a ma mua o ka ʻai ʻana a hoʻomākaukau ʻana paha i ka meaʻai. Ae nō hoʻi holoi i nā mea ʻai a huaʻai paha no laila ʻaʻole lākou e haumia, keu hoʻi inā hoʻopau ʻia lākou i ka maka.

Ma ke ʻano he ana hou, e hoʻohana i kahi disinfectant a me ka chlorine, ʻaʻole ka nui o ka wai ʻona, no ka mea ʻaʻohe o nā ʻāpana virus i kahi envelope lipid, kahi e maʻalahi ai i nā wai ʻona a me nā detergents.

Loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi ʻike kōkua e pili ana i ka norivirus i loko kēia ʻatikala.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*